How to plant endive

 

Planting endive. An agreeable addition to a salad. It is similar to lettuce in its soil and temperature requirements and its habits of growth but is less sensitive to heat and may be used in its place when the weather has become too warm for good lettuce development. In the South it is grown chiefly as a winter crop and in the North during the spring, summer and fall, and also is forced in the winter.

Most popular varieties are Green Curled, a narrow, cut-leaved variety, and Broad Leaved Batavian and Full Heart Batavian, broad-leaved types often known as escarole. Sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep and 10 inches apart in rows 20 inches apart. Tie the leaves of well-formed plants together in cool weather to blanch the heart and eliminate some of the bitterness. Do not tie up in warm weather; it may cause the inner leaves to decay. For winter use, lift out the plants with a ball of earth attached and place them in a cellar or cool frame but do not let them freeze.

 

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