How to plant horseradish


Planting horseradish. Should not be planted in a very small garden because the plants are quite large. Horseradish is adapted to the North and is not suited for southern planting except in high altitudes. Not much is needed for the average family, and a few plants, put in an out-of-the-way corner of the garden, will provide roots for an ample supply of grated or ground horseradish. It does best in deep, moist, rich loam, well fertilized, but will grow in any good soil except perhaps very light sands and very heavy clays. Shallow soil will not serve since this plant has rough, pronged roots. Mix manure with the soil a few months before setting the plants or cuttings.

It is a good idea to top dress with manure each spring, but horseradish will thrive in a good soil of an old garden without heavy manure or fertilization. This plant seldom forms seeds. It is propagated by use of crowns or root cuttings. With crowns, use a part of the old plant consisting of a piece of root and crown buds, and simply set it in a new location. For root cuttings take pieces of old roots 6 or 8 inches long and the thickness of a pencil. Set them on a slant in a trench four or five inches deep.

The cuttings sprout in several places. After they are well established remove the soil around each carefully, by hand, and all sprouts except one good cluster of leaves near the top of each cutting, then replace the soil. The plants usually make good roots the first year. Rows of horseradish plants should be spaced 2 1/2 feet apart, with 1 1/2 feet between plants in a row. To prepare horseradish, clean and grate the roots into white wine vinegar or distilled vinegar of 4 1/2 to 5 per cent acid content, bottle, and seal at once. Do not use cider vinegar, which turns the horseradish dark.

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