How to plant vegetables

 

Vegetables may be divided into a few general classifications—perennials, greens, salad crops, roots and tubers, vine crops, legumes, the cabbage group, the onion group, the fleshy-fruited warm season group, and those few such as sweet corn, okra, and Florence fennel that are arbitrarily gathered under the heading "miscellaneous" because they cannot be classified conveniently anywhere else.

Perennials

Perennials are those which, once planted, continue their yield for years. They include some of the most desirable of all vegetables, such as asparagus, horseradish and rhubarb, and deserve a place in all gardens affording sufficient space and proper conditions.

Greens

Little needs to be said of the importance of greens, such as spinach and kale, to the family table. They are rich in minerals and vitamins and may be grown over a large portion of the United States. A general definition of this classification is those vegetables whose young leaves and stems in their green state are boiled for food.

Salad group

Lettuce and celery are leaders of the salad group. Representatives of this crop deserve a place in every garden. The salad is a constant item on the menu, often providing even the main course; and, since its ingredients must be crisp and fresh, their inclusion in the home garden is a natural selection.

Root and tuber crop

The root and tuber crops, including potatoes, sweetpotatoes, carrots, and beets, provide a great proportion of the national diet. Their importance in the vegetable plot is obvious.

Legumes

The legumes are the beans and peas. They are rich in vitamins and proteins, adaptable to a wide range of soil and climate conditions, highly popular as food, and take little room in the garden.
Cabbage Group. The cabbage group, including cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, and similar plants, likewise rich in vitamins and widely adaptable to culture in most sections that provide fertile soil and ample moisture, provides many valuable home garden crops.

Onion group

The onion group, which numbers among its members onions, leeks, and chives (a perennial), is very popular for uses as food and flavoring, and few indeed are the wisely-planned gardens without some representative of this classification.

Fleshy-fruited

The tomato is by far the leader in the fleshy-fruited warm season group, which also includes the eggplant and the pepper. There is scarcely a home gardener who does not want to set out some tomato plants of his own for the pleasure of growing them and of eating them.

The gardener is naturally governed in large manner in his selection of the things he wants to grow by their usefulness. Thus the vine crops, including cucumbers and squash, do not loom as large in most home plots, but there is a place for at least a few cucumber hills and a few bushes of squash.

All classifications are included in the following guide to the culture of specific crops, in which the home gardener will find many vegetables to plant in his plot.


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Planting vegetable
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Planting chives
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