Pleached allee

Gardening Howto

Bulb planting
Boxes & tubes
Bulbs health
Bulbs spring
Bulbs summer & fall
Care & feeding
Cut flower bulbs
Every gardener
Flower arrangement
Indoor bulbs
Indoor permanent
Naturalizing bulbs
Rock gardens

Flower arrangement
Dried plants
Floral compositions
Flower arrangement ideas
Home made corsages
Japanese flower arranging
Mechanics flower arranging

Flower garden ideas
Crowded cities gardens
Fertilization garden
Garden propagation
Setting out plants
Soil flower-garden
Specific uses perennials

Alpine Greenhouse
Annuals & biennials
Bulbs half hardy
Bulbs hardy
Construction hints
Flowering shrubs
Foliage plants
Hard wooded plants
Hardy orchids
Hardy perennials spring
Perennials autumn
Potting shed
Routine work
Succulent plants
Suitable plants
Typical greenhouses

Indoor plants
Flowering indoor plants
Miscellaneous folliage plants
Specific home plants


Pests garden
Insects attacking plants
Insects enemies plants
Plant diseases

Planting vegetable
Planting asparagus
Planting beans
Planting beets
Planting blackeye peas
Planting Brussels sprouts
Planting cabbage
Planting carrots
Planting cauliflower
Planting celery
Planting Chinese cabbage
Planting chives
Planting cucumbers
Planting dandelion
Planting eggplant
Planting endive
Planting horseradish
Planting kale
Planting lettuce
Planting onions
Planting others
Planting parsnips
Planting peas
Planting popatoes
Planting radishes
Planting rhubarb
Planting spinach
Planting sweet corn
Planting sweet potatoes
Planting tomatoes

Roses in garden
American roses
Insect pests roses
Plant & Grow
Rose calendar
Rose diseases
Rose varieties
Special locations
Special purposes

Tree, shrub & lawn
Enemies shrubs & trees
Grafting & budding
Lawn care & maintenance
Planting shrubs & trees
Pruning shrubs & trees
Supervising growth

Pruning plants
Failure to bloom
Pleached allee
Pruning bonsai
Proper pruning
Pruning evergreens
Pruning fruit trees
Pruning grapes
Pruning hedges
Pruning herbs
Pruning house plants
Pruning perennials
Pruning roses
Pruning shrubs
Pruning tools
Pruning trees
Pruning understock
Topiary shapes

Not everyone has room for a pleached allee, at least not on the scale that it is done in restored Williamsburg. Usually best results are obtained when trees are trained on a metal or wood framework. Trees suitable for this purpose are Beech, Hornbeam, Buttonwood, and fruits such as Peach, Pear, or Apple. They can be grown to single or double cordons or they may be fan-trained. 
Pleached allee Inside a pleached allee

The dimensions should be in accordance with the scale of the property. I would suggest that for the average-sized place 8 feet high by 7 feet wide would be the minimum, and it should be appropriately placed in a position where it will be useful. For example, it can connect the house and the garage or the dwelling with a garden feature such as a piece of statuary, a seat, or whatever it is you have. Whenever possible it should be oriented to run north and south so that the plants on each side have an equal chance.

The plants should be set 2 or 3 feet apart and cut almost to the ground. The strong shoots that will be stimulated by the pruning should be tied to the framework, spacing them as equally as possible. Subsequent pruning will be directed toward filling any vacant places on the framework by cutting back to a shoot or bud that is pointing in the right direction, and then cutting off superfluous shoots. When the shoots on both sides mingle they may be pleached, or plashed (woven together), so that eventually they may become grafted one to another. The support may be removed, if desired, as soon as this stage is reached.

To most gardeners the making of a pleached allee or arbor is of purely academic interest, so that is all I am going to say about it here.