Roses for special purposes

We can have roses almost anywhere. It is even possible to have them in poor sandy soil, but it is not possible to have the best double varieties without the best soil and the best care. There can be roses on walls, on trellises, on tree trunks, on arbours, in the city garden, at the seashore, and about the mountain home where your summer is enjoyed.

There are roses that bloom in the summer, others that make the garden glow in autumn, and some that are so lavish with flowers that they repeat their gifts of colour and fragrance through the season. As a whole, the rose family asks for a deep, rich, and heavy soil; but the Burnet, or Scotch, Roses will thrive in sand; so will the Memorial, or Wichuraiana—and there are a score of excellent varieties derived from this which make rampant growth with almost no soil at all, and seem not to ask much care.

We have been so long trained to think and speak of roses as only for their individual flowers that whole groups and families of kinds that do not make a great display of specimen individual flowers have been almost lost to the sight of the ordinary individual. It is not true that all roses are ugly plants, to be regarded only as the means of producing glorious blooms, and that therefore their proper place is in an out-of-the-way corner where they will never be seen.

Roses there are which are as good material for the garden picture as any other of the flowering shrubs. Let us have roses about our homes, and in every garden. If there is no other possibility, plant a climber to ramble over the piazza and show its rose buds about the window frame.

Elsewhere have walks of roses, arbours of roses, pillars of roses, roses climbing up, and roses in wreaths hanging down, and, indeed, roses everywhere. Grow them for their colour, for their fragrance, and—because they are roses!

How to do this ? Select the proper varieties of the proper groups, and, above all, don't put up a fight against the inherent nature of particular plants, for it will be a losing struggle, and there is no lasting pleasure in that sort of gardening. Certain conceits of rose culture demand special methods of setting about the desired end. Unless you are wonderfully favoured, standards are not possible under the usual method of permanent planting, and it then becomes necessary to take them into trenches each winter.

Again, climate controls the rose grower; a garden of Teas and other of the tender roses which is an easy matter in the South and on the Pacific Coast is a more difficult feat of gardening in the East and the North.

The gardener has to make his garden from the best possibilities, and the more this is realized the less apparent is the effort. American gardens have at hand a rich mass of available material for rose effects without a slavish adherence to the better known garden roses of the Hybrid Perpetual and Hybrid Tea or pure Tea types.

Even the native species are of importance, especially for shrubbery effects. What better than the bright red bark of Rosa blanda, massed, in the winter landscape! The Multiflora group, as represented by the once ubiquitous Crimson Rambler, has opened the eyes of thousands of suburban home makers to the possibilities of roses other than the ordinary. It is realized that there are roses for many purposes, and the Crimson Rambler itself has been the forerunner of a large and most useful race of hybrids.

The Wichuraiana hybrids, too, have entered a vital relation to the American rose garden. These two roses must be regarded reverently by the progressive rosarian on account of what has been accomplished through their acceptance as garden plants. They have helped the million to learn that there are roses and roses —and roses; that there are varieties for all kinds of purposes, and that a rose garden is a possibility anywhere if there are a foot or two of soil and a few rays of sunshine.

What everybody wants, and what we shall never get, is a perfect double rose that is fragrant and borne in great profusion on a bush that is beautiful even when out of bloom, and which will grow without care, is free from insects and diseases, and will not die in the winter. There are roses in Europe that come within a mile of this ideal, but rose culture in America is still in its infancy.

Our climate is fundamentally different from that of Europe, and the roses of the future must be hybrids of the best double roses of the Old World with the hardy roses of Japan, which are better adapted for plant-breeding purposes than the wild rose of the north-eastern United States.

The "common" roses that are grown everywhere in the United States are the Hybrid Teas, despite their lack of hardiness in certain rose-loving sections, the Hybrid Perpetuals that give us the great June bloom show, and the hardy climbers, both of Wichuraiana and Multiflora parentage, that give us dooryard beauty as well as a wonderful covering capacity for trellis, fence, stone-pile, and slope.

The lovely Tea rose has steadily lost ground to its stronger sister, the Hybrid Tea, giving equal beauty and fragrance with greater vigour and adaptability. Yet the Teas are not at all to be overlooked or neglected, even if the efforts of the great European rosarians are mostly put upon its hybrid relative.

One reason for the growth in popularity of the Hybrid Teas is the entrance into its family of a colour previously out of touch in the Teas. The genius of a great French hybridiser, Monsieur Jules Pernet-Ducher, has given us the definite yellow and the lovely copper hues of the Austrian Brier class.

Some writers class these roses as Pernetianas, in honour of the originator, but inasmuch as nearly all the old strains had already entered into the Hybrid Teas, the addition of one not previously used does not seem to justify the creation of a new class.

These roses of M. Pernet-Ducher, and those following as originated by all the great English, German, French, and American rosarians, are distinguished by blooms of exquisite colouration through all the range of yellow, apricot, salmon, copper, and the intermediate hues.

They are usually of vigorous habit, and have heavy and glossy foliage, which, alas, seems peculiarly susceptible to the worst foe to American prosperity, the fungous disease called "black-spot." (On another page is given a convenient preventive treatment for this trouble, so that no real rose-lover needs to be deprived of the rich hues of the Pernetianas.)

It is but proper to mention certain rose limitations here, and to admit that as yet one cannot have the best roses and the best bush at the same time. The pruning and general cultivation are entirely different. The two purposes cannot be entirely reconciled.

If you want the best double roses, your rose bushes are sure to be unsightly when they are out of bloom. If you want a rose bush that will look well through the season you cannot have the best double flowers. If you want the individual flowers you must grow flowers—not plants—by pruning hard each year in the spring, cutting back almost to the ground.

In this climate the standard roses should be grown on the Dog Rose stock, every plant dug up in the autumn, laid in a trench, and covered for the winter. The standard is of service only to relieve the level monotony of a formal rose garden. It does not give larger flowers.

In the lists for special purposes, which follow, the object has been to present selections of the best varieties suited to each case. The lists, in other words, are not exclusive, but suggestive, rather. The previously published statements of experienced growers have been freely drawn from, and it is very interesting to observe how frequently certain varieties are named in widely separated parts of the country.

Varieties for a rose garden

All Hybrid Perpetual roses do not do well in America, and some favourites in England and Ireland are utterly worthless here. In order to discover the best for this climate, Dr. Robert Huey, of Philadelphia, Pa., has gone to considerable pains, and every Hybrid Perpetual in Dickson's catalogue has been thoroughly tested by garden cultivation. For this valuable and complete trial the thanks of all rosarians are due. The following varieties have all given good satisfaction:

White Roses, HP.

  • Merveille de Lyon
  • White Baroness
  • Frau Karl Druschki
  • Margaret Dickson
  • Mabel Morrison

Pink Roses, HP.

  • Baroness Rothschild
  • Mrs. R. G. Sharman-Crawford
  • George Arends
  • Mrs. John Laing
  • Her Majesty
  • Paul Neyron
  • Mme. Gabriel Luizet
  • Suzanne Marie Rodocanachi

Crimson and Carmine Roses, HP.

  • Captain Hayward
  • General Jacqueminot
  • Duke of Edinburgh
  • J. B. Clark
  • Fisher Holmes
  • Ulrich Brunner

The best of the very dark roses is Prince Camille de Rohan.

Trellis Roses

Any of the modern hardy climbers hereafter mentioned may be trained on trellises to advantage, though some of them, such as American Pillar, Silver Moon, and Dr. W. Van Fleet, are so vigorous in growth that a large surface needs to be provided for their advantage. Certain lovely sorts of less rampant disposition are especially suitable for trellises of not more than eight feet in height. These are named below.

All the Climbing Hybrid Teas—which are simply more vigorous and less free-blooming forms of their bushy parents—are adaptable to trellises, but it must be remembered that they are not dependably hardy north of Philadelphia, needing beyond that range to be laid down and covered with earth or other protection as previously recommended. The leading sorts are:

  • Ards Rover (Cl. H P.)
  • Climbing Ophelia
  • Climbing Etoile de France
  • Carmine Pillar
  • Climbing Wootton
  • Climbing Sunburst
  • Climbing Lady Ashtown
  • Mrs. Robert Peary
  • Climbing Maman Cochet
  • Paul's Lemon Pillar
  • Reine Marie Henriette

The other trellis roses here commended include:

  • Alberic Barbier
  • Gruss an Freundorf
  • Aunt Harriet
  • Hiawatha
  • Aviateur Bleriot
  • Leontine Gervais
  • Baroness van Ittersum
  • Leuchtstern
  • Climbing Orleans
  • Milky Way
  • Coronation
  • Miss Helyett
  • Dr. Huey
  • Mrs. M. H. Walsh
  • Emily Gray
  • Paul's Scarlet Climber
  • Evergreen Gem
  • Purity
  • Francois Guillot
  • Purple East
  • Gardenia
  • Roserie
  • Ghislaine de Feligonde
  • Tausendschiin
  • Goldfinch
  • White Dorothy

Any of these roses may also be grown as pillar roses, being in that use trained about a support of iron pipe or similar character from four to seven feet high. Four to eight shoots are each year allowed to grow to the top of the support, being then cut off, and each year, after blooming, renewed from the base. Paul's Scarlet Climber, Dr. Huey, and Leuchtstern are particularly lovely when so treated.

Hybrid Teas

Without question the Hybrid Teas are the dominating roses of the civilized world to-day. With more than a thousand existing varieties, all introduced since La France and Cheshunt Hybrid began the race in 1867, and with more than a hundred new introductions from England, France, Germany, and the United States in each year, the Hybrid Teas are yet in the ascendant.

The range of form and colour far exceeds that available in any other class, and the recurrent blooming habit further commends the class. As bushes it must be confessed that the Hybrid Teas are not in themselves ornamental, but this deficiency is overlooked when one takes in account the fragrant flowers in every hue of yellow and copper, pink and crimson, scarlet and light red, as well as white.

While many of the varieties are too closely similar to existent sorts, the Hybrid Teas include the sorts that are providing the roses for the gardens of America. Through the inquiries made of the country-wide membership of the American Rose Society, the varieties that are generally dependable are coming to be known. These are those that do not require the care that a fancier gives, and are in consequence the best for the amateur to begin with. They include the following:

  • Columbia
  • Lady Ursula
  • Duchess of Wellington
  • La Tosca
  • General MacArthur
  • Los Angeles
  • Gruss an Teplitz
  • Mme. Caroline Testout
  • Hoosier Beauty
  • Mme. Edouard Herriot
  • Jonkheer J. L. Mock
  • Mme. Melanie Soupert
  • Joseph Hill
  • Mrs. Aaron Ward
  • Kaiserin Augusta Victoria
  • Ophelia
  • Lady Alice Stanley
  • Lady Hillingdon (Tea)
  • Bell Sunburst

Among these the two Radiances, Gruss an Teplitz, and Frau Karl Druschki can be depended upon as adaptable to at least three fourths of the United States, in which they will bloom acceptably.

Roses for vacation homes

If the vacation home is occupied toward the end of the summer rather than at the beginping, plant about it those roses that particularly tend to flower in the autumn. Selection has been made for all-round qualities such as profusion of bloom, cutting, garden effect, variety of colour, and variety of type, as well as length of season, for roses which will do well although given poor attention.

Bush Roses

  • Kaiserin Augusta Victoria (HT.), white.
  • Gruss an Teplitz (HT.), crimson.
  • General Jacqueminot (HP.), dark red.
  • Hermosa (B.), clear pink; blooms continually.
  • Mme. Caroline Testout (HT.), silver pink.
  • All the Polyanthas are suitable for this use.

Roses for city gardens

In districts crowded with residences, with a minimum of light and air and a maximum of smoke and shadow, only the strongest roses of each group may be planted. A tolerable success may often be had even where the smoke is that from soft coal. Of course roses must have some sunshine.

Hybrid Perpetuals, Dark

  • Baron de Bonstetten, very dark red.
  • General Jacqueminot, dark bright red.
  • Ulrich Brunner, cherry red.

Hybrid Perpetuals, Lighter Shades

  • Frau Karl Druschki, white, a superb rose.
  • Mme. Gabriel Luizet, pink.
  • Magna Charta, bright pink, suffused carmine.
  • Paul Neyron, pink; the largest of all roses.

Hybrid Teas

  • Duchess of Wellington, light yellow.
  • Gruss an Teplitz, crimson scarlet.
  • Hermosa (B.), clear pink.
  • Lady Ursula, fleshy pink.
  • Los Angeles, flame pink and salmon.
  • Radiance, lively pink.
  • Red Radiance, bright crimson.


  • Alida Lovett, bright pink.
  • American Pillar, single; crimson to white.
  • Bess Lovett, lively bright crimson.
  • Dr. W. Van Fleet, light pink; fine buds.
  • Excelsa, crimson scarlet, in clusters.
  • Silver Moon, large; pure white.
  • White Dorothy, pure white clusters.

Roses for shrubbery

Flowers are here a secondary consideration. The bush must be shapely, free from insects and diseases, and of easier culture than garden roses.

Bush Roses

  • Austrian Copper
  • Harison's Yellow
  • Hugonis
  • The Lord Penzance Sweetbriers
  • Rosa spinosissima and its variety altaica
  • R. blanda
  • R. lucida, pink and white forms
  • R. setigera
  • R. setipoda
  • R. rubiginosa
  • R. rugosa and its hybrids

Roses for edging walks

The Polyantha roses, previously described, are ideal for the purpose, as they seldom grow to more than two feet, are compact and sightly, and bloom continually.

For a higher edging, the Scotch roses (R. spinosissima) are fine, growing about three feet high, and holding foliage in good condition until frost.

Roses for the wild garden

They must be of the easiest possible cultivation, single, free growing, and should be allowed to climb or trail at will over other shrubs. All the native species find a most appropriate place in the wild garden where they will flourish and attain a beauty of perfection not dreamt of in the fields; they should be located in a meadow-like effect. Any one who has visited the Arnold Arboretum in Boston will recall the richness of the wild rose flora in the meadow and along the edges of the drives and walks. That is the model.

Roses for clothing banks

Banks can be held from erosion and a very lovely bloom effect be obtained in summer by planting almost any of the recommended hardy climbers of strong growth. If the bank is of poor or newly graded soil, these climbers may well be set in pockets of rich soil.
Some railroads, as has been mentioned before, have seen the wisdom of planting thus for the protection and beautification of embankments, and with notable results.

Drooping or Trailing Roses

  • Max Graf, single pink.
  • Mrs. M. H. Walsh, double white.
  • R. Wichuraiana, single white.

Upright Growers to about three feet

  • Alberic Barbier, primrose.
  • Excelsa, bright crimson.
  • Hiawatha, single, crimson and white.
  • Lady Gay, clear pink, double.
  • Silver Moon, double white.
  • White Dorothy, double white.

The above may be allowed to grow untrained, and when they are tangled and old, can be mowed off for renewal. Any of the hardy climbers are excellent for this use.

Roses for cemeteries

Modern cemeteries restrain miscellaneous planting, and roses should be used preferably in suitable borders. For ground cover, where permitted, R. Wichuraiana, Alberic Barbier, and Mrs. M. H. Walsh are best. For borders, use the Hybrid Perpetuals or the Polyanthas; and Gruss an Teplitz is a favourite. If pillars are admissible, any of the hardy climbers may be adapted, as previously directed.

Roses for verandas or pillars

If the arbours and arches are exposed to severe winter winds at low temperatures bend down the wood and either cover it with earth or with some other protective material that will exclude heavy rains. This protection is not necessary south of the latitude of New York.

The varieties named below are the standard dependable sorts, found most satisfactory over large range of the United States:

  • American Pillar
  • Christine Wright
  • Climbing American Beauty
  • Dorothy Perkins
  • Dr. W. Van Fleet
  • Evangeline
  • Excelsa
  • Gardenia
  • Hiawatha
  • Paul's Scarlet Climber
  • Silver Moon
  • TausendschOn
  • White Dorothy

For the Southern States (south of Washington) and the California coasts, less hardy roses are available, including:

  • Chromatella
  • Gloire de Dijon
  • Climbing Cecile Brunner
  • Marechal Niel
  • Climbing Lady Ashtown
  • Mme. Alfred Carriere
  • Climbing Mme. Caroline
  • Mrs. Robert Peary
  • Testout
  • Reine Marie Henriette

For sandy soils or seaside

The favourite HP. roses, if budded on the Dog Rose or Brier, can often be grown very successfully in such situations, but the one rose par excellence is R. rugosa.


  • R. Wichuraiana, semi-evergreen, single, white.
  • Gardenia (WH.), a semi-evergreen, double white.
  • Evergreen Gem (WH.), a semi-evergreen, creamy white, single, large flower.


  • Rosa rugosa and its hybrids, red to white.
  • Scotch, white, pink, and yellowish.
  • Penzance Sweetbriers—including Brenda, Rose, Bradwardine, Amy Robsart, Meg Merrilis, etc.—white, pink, and orange.

Roses for cut flowers in winter

The growing of roses in greenhouses is a highly specialized matter, in which American growers particularly excel. New varieties adapted to indoor culture are constantly being produced, and these must be handled by experts to get the great size and beauty demanded by a critical cut-flower market which each year absorbs more than a hundred million cut roses.

Among the late favourites are Columbia, Hill's America, Commonwealth, Premier, Crusader, Legion, Madame Butterfly, and Annie Laurie. Older but yet largely used roses are American Beauty, Hadley, Mrs. Aaron Ward, Sunburst, Ophelia, Francis Scott Key, Richmond, Milady, Double White Killarney.

Roses for pots at Christmas and Easter

Those who have attended the great national flower shows usually held in late March will have no difficulty in remembering the beauty of the roses in pots and tubs there shown. Certain skilled florists produce these in the greatest perfection, the method being to prepare the plants a year in advance, to pot them early in autumn before the flowering time, and then to bring them forward in greenhouses kept at comparatively low temperature, regulated by the date of the desired maturity.
While any of the ordinary rose varieties may thus be brought into bloom out of season, certain of the Polyantha class and of the hardy climbers seem to give the most pleasing result.

Among the Polyanthas or Baby Ramblers these are desirable for forcing in pots:

  • Aennchen Muller
  • Marie Pavic
  • Louise Walter (Baby Tausendschon)
  • Miss Edith Cavell
  • Mme. Norbert Levavasseur Orleans

Of the hardy climbers the following have given beautiful results when trained into form and planted in tubs:

  • Dorothy Perkins
  • Hiawatha
  • Elizabeth Ziegler
  • Mrs. M. H. Walsh
  • Eugene Jacquet
  • Purple East
  • Excelsa
  • Tausendschon
  • White Dorothy

Roses for greenhouse decoration

Roses for this purpose should make a free growth and cover a good space in a season; therefore climbing roses are best. The larger-flowered kinds may be used for cut flowers also. Train the vines along the rafters, on a wire or upon a trellis against the wall.

  • Marechal Niel (N.), yellow.
  • Reine Marie Henriette (T.), cherry red.
  • Gloire de Dijon (T.), creamy yellow.
  • Climbing La France, and other climbing forms of the popular varieties.
  • Mrs. Robert Peary.

Roses for boutonnieres

A gentleman who wears a rose bud in his coat lapel every day wishes a moderate-sized, compact, half-open bud of lasting quality. The following are adapted to this purpose, and are also desirable for garden decoration and cut flowers:


  • Dr. W. Van Fleet Persian Yellow
  • Emily Gray Prince Camille de Rohan
  • General Jacqueminot Salet Moss

Hybrid Teas and others

  • Antoine Rivoire
  • Miss Lolita Armour
  • Etoile de France
  • Mrs. Aaron Ward
  • Gruss an Aachen
  • Mrs. A. R. Waddell
  • Lady Alice Stanley
  • Radiance
  • Lady Ursula
  • Red Radiance
  • La France
  • Rose Marie
  • Laurent Carle
  • Souvenir de Claudius Pernet
  • Los Angeles
  • Tip-Top

Roses for their fruits

For table decoration in winter:

  • Euphrosyne
  • Rosa pomifera
  • Thalia
  • Rose setipoda
  • R. rugosa
  • Brenda, one of the Penzance Sweetbriers

Roses for great masses of flowers

It is impossible to have the best flowers and the best bush at the same time. If roses are grown for a big floral display, the bushes or vines are almost sure to be unsightly when out of bloom. Therefore, the rosarium or formal rose garden, which is designed for a big display of double flowers, should be in an enclosed out-of-the-way place where it will not interfere with landscape effects. The following are excellent for entrances to rose gardens or hedges surrounding them:

Polyantha—low growth

  • Greta Kluis
  • Mme. Norbert Levavasseur
  • Jessie
  • Orleans
  • Marie Pavic
  • Yvonne Rabier

Hybrid Teas and Rugosas

  • Ecarlate
  • Lady Ursula
  • F. J. Grootendorst
  • La Tosca
  • Gruss an Aachen
  • Mme. Georges Bruant
  • Gruss an Teplitz
  • Mme. Meha Sabatier
  • Hermosa
  • Rosa rugosa alba

Also the stronger-growing popular varieties of the HP. group as enumerated in the lists of resistant and town roses.

Roses for “standards” in formal gardens

The object of "standards" is to break the low level of the rose beds. They fit formal gardens only, and are effective for an "avenue" effect on the sides of the principal walks. These standards are usually "worked" on Rugosa stems, and may be safely wintered either by laying them down with a cover of earth (the "ball" of their roots being tipped over), or by storing them in a deep coldframe or cold greenhouse.

Most of the Hybrid Teas and some climbers are available in standards. Among the best are:

  • Aviateur Bleriot
  • Lady Pirrie
  • Duchess of Wellington
  • La Tosca
  • Hiawatha
  • Miss Cynthia Forde
  • Janet
  • Mme. Caroline Testout
  • Jonkheer J. L. Mock
  • Mme. Meha Sabatier
  • Lady Ashtown
  • Ophelia

Roses for foreground

Dwarf-growing roses for fronting large beds or for use in the foreground of shrubbery borders where a double-purpose garden is maintained are very useful.

  • All the Polyanthas
  • Gruss an Teplitz
  • Ecarlate
  • Hermosa
  • F. J. Grootendorst
  • Mrs. Aaron Ward

The most sweetly scented rosws

As a rule, roses must be either sweetly scented or large flowered to be really popular. A few famous roses have no appreciable odour, e. g., Baroness Rothschild, Victor Verdier, Captain Christy, Frau Karl Druschki. Few of the desirable hardy climbers are fragrant. The neglected old Bourbon rose, Zephirine Drouhin, is a low climber with lovely deep pink flowers that are very sweet.

Old-fashioned Fragrant Roses

  • Damask (R. damascena group), scent leaves petals on drying; pink and white.
  • French (R. gallica group), scent retained on drying; all colours.
  • Moss group, white to pink.
  • Musk group, generally white, a few pink or red; most fragrant in a still, moist atmosphere.
  • Noisettes, hybrids of the true musk; all colours.

Modern Fragrant Roses

The Tea group; all are more or less scented with the characteristic tea odour. Gloire de Dijon, yellowish, and Marechal Niel (really a Noisette), yellow, are especially fragrant.

The Hybrid Teas are generally sweet-scented, some with the characteristic tea odour and some, with the richer fragrance of the Hybrid Perpetual. La France, Etoile de France, Radiance, Los Angeles, Laurent Carle, and Château de Clos Vougeot are especially fragrant.

The Hybrid Perpetuals mostly have distinctive and delightful fragrance. Especially sweet are General Jacqueminot, Baron de Bonstetten, American Beauty, Anna de Diesbach, George Dickson, Magna Charta, Mrs. John Laing, Paul Neyron.
The foliage of the Sweetbriers is most fragrant, but most of the Species roses are but faintly scented.

Gardening Howto

Bulb planting
Boxes & tubes
Bulbs health
Bulbs spring
Bulbs summer & fall
Care & feeding
Cut flower bulbs
Every gardener
Flower arrangement
Indoor bulbs
Indoor permanent
Naturalizing bulbs
Rock gardens

Flower arrangement
Dried plants
Floral compositions
Flower arrangement ideas
Home made corsages
Japanese flower arranging
Mechanics flower arranging

Flower garden ideas
Crowded cities gardens
Fertilization garden
Garden propagation
Setting out plants
Soil flower-garden
Specific uses perennials

Alpine Greenhouse
Annuals & biennials
Bulbs half hardy
Bulbs hardy
Construction hints
Flowering shrubs
Foliage plants
Hard wooded plants
Hardy orchids
Hardy perennials spring
Perennials autumn
Potting shed
Routine work
Succulent plants
Suitable plants
Typical greenhouses

Indoor plants
Flowering indoor plants
Miscellaneous folliage plants
Specific home plants


Pests garden
Insects attacking plants
Insects enemies plants
Plant diseases

Planting vegetable
Planting asparagus
Planting beans
Planting beets
Planting blackeye peas
Planting Brussels sprouts
Planting cabbage
Planting carrots
Planting cauliflower
Planting celery
Planting Chinese cabbage
Planting chives
Planting cucumbers
Planting dandelion
Planting eggplant
Planting endive
Planting horseradish
Planting kale
Planting lettuce
Planting onions
Planting others
Planting parsnips
Planting peas
Planting popatoes
Planting radishes
Planting rhubarb
Planting spinach
Planting sweet corn
Planting sweet potatoes
Planting tomatoes

Roses in garden
American roses
Insect pests roses
Plant & Grow
Rose calendar
Rose diseases
Rose varieties
Special locations
Special purposes

Tree, shrub & lawn
Enemies shrubs & trees
Grafting & budding
Lawn care & maintenance
Planting shrubs & trees
Pruning shrubs & trees
Supervising growth

Pruning plants
Failure to bloom
Pleached allee
Pruning bonsai
Proper pruning
Pruning evergreens
Pruning fruit trees
Pruning grapes
Pruning hedges
Pruning herbs
Pruning house plants
Pruning perennials
Pruning roses
Pruning shrubs
Pruning tools
Pruning trees
Pruning understock
Topiary shapes